Salah Uddin Shoaib Choudhury
American political climax is at the peak with former president Barack Hussein Obama and infamous president Bill Clinton’s controversial spouse Hillary Clinton continuing war against Republicans in general and President Donald Trump in particular. Meanwhile centering the November midterm polls, Americans seems to be completely divided; and to some extent, such divisions are even giving space to the enemies of the most powerful nation in the world. Not only that, Abraham Lincoln’s democracy seems to be in trouble. Should such situation arise in any other country, we could anticipate military intervention. But, America is the only country in the world where military never interferes into politics. This is the decency of democracy of the United States of America.
There is a popular perception, especially in the non-US nations saying, in American politics although military does not interfere, its intelligence agencies, more precisely Pentagon and CIA [Central Intelligence Agency] certainly play decisive role. It is even said, these agencies influence the result of Electoral College. Such interventions can make their candidate a winner even when the opposite side gets winning proportion of popular votes. In my personal opinion, such allegations or perceptions are void and totally misled. To clear such wrong perceptions one has to first clearly understand what is Electoral College and how it works.
What is Electoral College?
The Electoral College is a process, not a place. The founding fathers established it in the Constitution as a compromise between election of the President by a vote in Congress and election of the President by a popular vote of qualified citizens.
The Electoral College process consists of the selection of the electors, the meeting of the electors where they vote for President and Vice President, and the counting of the electoral votes by Congress.
The Electoral College consists of 538 electors. A majority of 270 electoral votes is required to elect the President. Your state’s entitled allotment of electors equals the number of members in its Congressional delegation: one for each member in the House of Representatives plus two for your Senators. Read more about the allocation of electoral votes.
Under the 23rd Amendment of the Constitution, the District of Columbia is allocated 3 electors and treated like a state for purposes of the Electoral College. For this reason, in the following discussion, the word “state” also refers to the District of Columbia.
Each candidate running for President in your state has his or her own group of electors. The electors are generally chosen by the candidate’s political party, but state laws vary on how the electors are selected and what their responsibilities are. Read more about the qualifications of the Electors and restrictions on who the Electors may vote for.
The presidential election is held every four years on the Tuesday after the first Monday in November. You help choose your state’s electors when you vote for President because when you vote for your candidate you are actually voting for your candidate’s electors.
Most states have a “winner-take-all” system that awards all electors to the winning presidential candidate. However, Maine and Nebraska each have a variation of “proportional representation.” Read more about the allocation of Electors among the states and try to predict the outcome of the Electoral College vote.
After the presidential election, your governor prepares a “Certificate of Ascertainment” listing all of the candidates who ran for President in your state along with the names of their respective electors. The Certificate of Ascertainment also declares the winning presidential candidate in your state and shows which electors will represent your state at the meeting of the electors in December of the election year. Your state’s Certificates of Ascertainments are sent to the Congress and the National Archives as part of the official records of the presidential election. See the key dates for the 2016 election and information about the roles and responsibilities of state officials, the Office of the Federal Register and the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), and the Congress in the Electoral College process.
The meeting of the electors takes place on the first Monday after the second Wednesday in December after the presidential election. The electors meet in their respective states, where they cast their votes for President and Vice President on separate ballots. Your state’s electors’ votes are recorded on a “Certificate of Vote,” which is prepared at the meeting by the electors. Your state’s Certificates of Votes are sent to the Congress and the National Archives as part of the official records of the presidential election. See the key dates for the 2016 election and information about the roles and responsibilities of state officials and the Congress in the Electoral College process.
Each state’s electoral votes are counted in a joint session of Congress on the 6th of January in the year following the meeting of the electors. Members of the House and Senate meet in the House chamber to conduct the official tally of electoral votes. See the key dates for the 2016 election and information about the role and responsibilities of Congress in the Electoral College process.
The Vice President, as President of the Senate, presides over the count and announces the results of the vote. The President of the Senate then declares which persons, if any, have been elected President and Vice President of the United States.
The President-Elect takes the oath of office and is sworn in as President of the United States on January 20th in the year following the Presidential election.
Can the US presidential election be manipulated?
Now everyone may question – can US presidential election be manipulated? Answer comes from an influential newspaper the Washington Post, which says in an opinion – ‘Yes, the U.S. Presidential election could be manipulated’.
It says, “Developed democracies such as the United States are not immune to this threat to electoral integrity, and the 2016 U.S. presidential election process is facing key vulnerabilities that may represent a new and concerning test of the resilience of our constitutional democracy.
Looking at the electoral dispute resolution system, the U.S. legal system is in a uniquely vulnerable position due to the current 4-4 liberal-conservative split on the Supreme Court. If a candidate refuses to accept the election results for whatever reason, including claims of “rigging,” he or she will need to file cases in each state in which the results are contested. Given recent discourse on aging voting technology, voter-identification challenges and the vulnerability of mail-in ballots, this kind of litigation seems inevitable.
Such cases would ultimately end up at each state’s highest court, whose holding could be appealed to the Supreme Court. This was the path Bush v. Gore took in 2000.”
Was the 2016-presidential election hacked?
This certainly is a billion-dollar question! Barack Hussein Obama and Hillary Clinton, along with the liberals are accusing Russia of hacking the 2016-presidential election thus paving way for Donald Trump in becoming America’s 45th president. To get a practical answer, we must look into the anti-Trump media. All of us know, CNN is one of the bitterest opponents of President Trump and that is why, it will be ethically correct to find the answer to this question from this famous news network. On October 19,2016 CNN-Politics in a report said, ‘No, presidential election can’t be hacked’.
It said, “The Obama administration is accusing Russia of hacking US political organizations. States are reporting attempts — in one case successful — to breach voter registration databases. And the final days of the campaign are dominated by talk of whether.”
Then CNN-Politics said, “… But election officials and cyber experts say it’s virtually impossible for Moscow or some other outside group to influence the election outcome.
“Hackers could create mischief — some say “chaos” — but the election system is resilient enough to withstand shocks. The key concern, experts feel, is public perception: Sowing distrust is easily achieved even without successful hacks.”
Seeing the analytical report of CNN-Politics, we can comfortably say – the rumor of hacking of 2016-presidential election by Russia is baseless and utterly false. Most possibly, sensing defeat, the then president Barack Hussein Obama and Hillary Clinton might have concocted this funny story.
Fresh conspiracy against President Trump:
As the ‘theory’ of Russian hacking of American presidential election visibly has fallen flat, Hillary has succeeded in convincing the American politicians and voters that she can get President Trump impeached should the Democrats win a majority in both the houses in the November midterm polls. I already have described the procedure of impeachment under the US Constitution in a separate article titled ‘Impeachment of President Trump a mission impossible’. Here I want to repeat, nothing can impeach President Donald Trump under he commits any crime that may place a sitting president facing impeachment. In the American history, only two sitting presidents had been impeached – Richard Nixon (Democrat) and Bill Clinton (Democrat). No president from the Conservatives had ever been impeached. I am sure, an academic like Hillary Clinton also are aware of this reality. But, she and Obama are using this ‘impeachment theory’ as a newer tactics of fooling the voters. But as Abraham Lincoln said – “You cannot fool all the people all the time” – most definitely, American voters have started realizing this ‘impeachment theory’ as a crude political joke.
Obama and Hillary are also saying, if the liberals get majority in both the houses, they can obstruct each of the initiatives of President Trump. That is true. But, this will create nothing but a very chaotic situation for American democracy. A captive Trump may not be able to implement his policies due to tremendous opposition from both the houses, should the Democrats win majority – it will ultimately turn America as a nation of laughter to rest of the world. It will stop Americans from being great again. Do the sensible Americans want this to happen? Especially at a time when anti-American forces like Iran and Turkey are increasingly becoming stronger? Will it not let America sit on the back bench of the global politics and instead of remaining a superpower; it will only create space for nations like Russia and China in emerging as global superpower. Will the Americans love this? If not, then, instead of being dictated by whims and political madness, they should vote for the Conservatives during the November-2018 midterm polls and also re-elect President Donald Trump in the 2020-presidential election.
Virus in the helm of the Democrats:
Let’s not forget, Hillary Clinton has become over-ambitious is running as Democratic candidate in the 2020 election. She may not allow the policymakers of the party in picking a popular candidate instead of an unpopular candidate like her. If the Democrats will refuse giving nomination to Clinton, she may turn into a renegade independent candidate thus causing damage to the liberal’s vote bank. Meaning another easy victory for Donald Trump!