The British Raj systematically transferred the wealth of the region into their own coffers. In the northeastern region of Bengal, “the first great deindustrialization of the modern world” occurred.
During the tough times of Colonial aftermath, Indian women being raped by the British imperialist forces or their agents had three choices – be killed by the enemy, be killed by their family so as to avoid being killed by the enemy, or kill themselves. Hundreds and thousands of Indian girls and women were forcibly picked up by the British imperialist rulers or their agents and put into concentration camps, where they were raped for days.
The prosperous two-centuries-old weaving industry was shut down after the British flooded the local market with cheap fabric from northern England. India still grew the cotton, but the Bengali population no longer spun it, and the weavers became beggars.
India suffered around a dozen major famines under British rule, with an estimated 12 to 29 million Indians starving to death.
The Orissa famine occurred in northeastern India in 1866. Over one million – or one in three local people – perished. As the region’s textile industry was destroyed, more people were pushed into agriculture and were dependent on the monsoon.
That year, the monsoon was weak. Crops didn’t grow and many starved to death. The colonial administration didn’t intervene as the popular economic theory of the time reasoned that the market would restore proper balance, and the famine was nature’s way of responding to overpopulation.
British colonial rule in Australia
The British began invading Australia in 1788, under the pretext that it was terra nullis: a land with no owners. The High Court of Australia abolished the legal fiction of terra nullius in its 1992 Mabo versus Queensland (No 2) ruling.
It was a landmark decision, but not everyone was surprised that the court found that there were actually sovereign people living on the land prior to the arrival of the British. At that time, there were an estimated 750,000 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people living across the continent.
The First Fleet arrived in the vicinity of what is now the city of Sydney in 1788. Around 15 months later, at least 50 percent of the local Aboriginal population was dying due to a smallpox epidemic.
Some historians put the outbreak down to contact with the Macassans from Sulawesi in the far north of the continent. However, others argue that bottles of smallpox were brought across on First Fleet ships, and the disease was then released, either accidentally or with clear intent.
Dozens of massacres of Indigenous people were carried out by the British right up until the 1920s. On June 10, 1838, the Myall Creek massacre occurred near Inverell in NSW. This tragedy is well-known as it was the first time Europeans were brought to justice for such an atrocity in Australia.
At the time about 50 Aboriginal men were working for stockmen in the area. One evening the stockmen rode into the local people’s camp, tied up 29 men, women, and children, and beheaded them. Seven of the perpetrators were eventually brought to trial and hanged.
Today, in Australia, the colonial legacy continues. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people are the most incarcerated population on earth.
For the People’s Republic of China, modern history officially begins with the first opium war of 1840, when Britain defeated the Qing empire and gained the colony of Hong Kong, thus launching a “century of humiliation” that only ended with the communist victory in 1949.
Britain has also invaded many countries in the world and continued its atrocities on the locals. The British monarchs have looted wealth worth trillions of dollars from various countries, including extremely precious artifacts and jewels.
Two bandits entered the Summer Palace
In October 1860, at the culmination of the Second Opium War, British and French troops looted and destroyed one of the most important palace complexes in imperial China—the Yuanmingyuan.
To be continued …